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Birth of Intelligence: From RNA to Artificial Intelligence
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Название: Birth of Intelligence: From RNA to Artificial Intelligence
Автор: Daeyeol Lee
Издательство: Oxford University Press
Год: 2020
Страниц: 232
Язык: английский
Формат: epub
Размер: 10.1 MB

What is intelligence? How did it begin and evolve to human intelligence? Does a high level of biological intelligence require a complex brain? Can man-made machines be truly intelligent? Is AI fundamentally different from human intelligence? In Birth of Intelligence, distinguished neuroscientist Daeyeol Lee tackles these pressing fundamental issues.

To better prepare for future society and its technology, including how the use of AI will impact our lives, it is essential to understand the biological root and limits of human intelligence. After systematically reviewing biological and computational underpinnings of decision making and intelligent behaviors, Birth of Intelligence proposes that true intelligence requires life.

Present-day AI is still not truly intelligent, not because it is made of materials and building blocks that are different from those of the human brain, but because it is designed to solve the problems chosen by humans. If AI is truly intelligent, it must have its own goals and seek solutions to any problems for its own sake. AI is built to improve the well-being and prosperity of human beings rather than its own. This does not guarantee that AI will never hurt humans, since such outcomes might still occur as a result of AI failure or malevolent human motives. Nevertheless, it is still people who decide the success or failure of an AI program. This is necessary because many real-life problems do not have clear-cut answers, and the best answers might be different depending on who will evaluate the solution. Thus, AI’s intelligence can be evaluated differently depending on the preference of its human evaluator.

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