Название: The Social Stratification of English in New York City / Социальная стратификация английского языка в Нью-Йорке Автор: William Labov Издательство: Cambridge University Press Год: 2006 Страниц: 498 Формат: pdf (в rar) Размер: 2,2 мб Качество: отличное (вычитанный текст, цветная обложка) Язык: english / английский
One of the first accounts of social variation in language, this groundbreaking study founded the discipline of sociolinguistics, providing the model on which thousands of studies have been based. In this second edition, Labov looks back on forty years of sociolinguistic research, bringing the reader up to date on its methods, findings, and achievements. In over forty pages of new material, he explores the unforeseen implications of his earlier work, addresses the political issues involved, and evaluates the success of newer approaches to sociolinguistic investigation. In doing so, he reveals the outstanding accomplishments of sociolinguistics since his original study, which laid the foundations for studying language variation, introduced the crucial concept of the linguistic variable, and showed how variation across age groups is an indicator of language change. Bringing Labov’s pioneering study into the twenty-first century, this classic volume will remain the benchmark in the field for years to come.
Introductory note Preface to the first edition Preface to the second edition: forty years later I PROBLEMS AND METHODS OF ANALYSIS 1 The study of language in its social context 2 First approach to the structure of New York City English 3 The social stratification of (r) in New York City department stores 4 The isolation of contextual styles 5 The linguistic interview 6 The survey of the Lower East Side II SOCIAL DIFFERENTIATION 7 Class differentiation of the variables 8 Further analysis of the variables 9 Distribution of the variables in apparent time 10 Other linguistic variables III SOCIAL EVALUATION 11 Subjective evaluation of the variables 12 Self-evaluation and linguistic security 13 General attitudes towards the speech of New York City IV SYNTHESIS 14 The structure of the New York City vowel system 15 1966–2006 Glossary of linguistic symbols and terminology Appendix A Questionnaire for the ALS survey Appendix B Anonymous observations of casual speech Appendix C Analysis of losses through moving of the MFY sample population Appendix D Analysis of the non-respondents: the television interview Appendix E The out-of-town speakers Bibliography Index